Salzburg Austria History
There are many reasons to visit Salzburg, but in this guide we present some of the most famous sights of the city and its famous parts and clichés, which are detailed in our list "Activities in Salzburg." From the towering castles on the tranquil Salzach, which winds its way through the old town, to the steep mountain peaks above, it is a sight in itself.
If you also visit Vienna, the city of St. Gilgen - Hallstatt can be a good stopover between Salzburg and Vienna. If you want to explore other castles in Austria, you will not miss any of these castles. After a visit to SalZburg in autumn 2003 I had to admit that the city is beautifully situated at the Austrian Alps. It is one of the most beautiful and beautiful cities in Austria and the world, and anyone who visits it in autumn 2003 must behave.
Salzburg survived and suffered relatively little damage during the Second World War, and most of the old Baroque buildings have been preserved in their original condition. From 1945 to 1956 Salzburg was the scene of a great battle between the Nazis and the Austrian army in the battle of Salzberg. It survived the Second World War with very little damage, but suffered only minor damage to some of its buildings.
Salzburg fell under the thumb of France and Bavaria during the Napoleonic Wars, and its power is gradually waning. At the same time, Salzberg province finally became independent of Bavaria and was part of the Austrian Empire and the new Austria-Germany coalition government. During the Second World War it remained neutral and returned to Austria, while Rupertigau and Berchtesgaden remained in Bavaria. After the end of the Second World War, after the Battle of Vienna, Salzburg was returned from Austria to remain neutral, but not before the Treaty of Versailles. In 1945, at the beginning of the Second World War, during a battle between the Nazis and the Austrian army in the battle of Schleswig-Holstein - Mecklenburg - Württemberg, in which the city was overrun by the Nazi army, the Salzburg man returned to Austria, although Rupertigsau, Ber chtegsgaden remained near Bavaria.
Austria is divided into four provinces: Austria, Germany, Bavaria, Austria - Prussia and Germany - Austria. About a third of Austrians live in Vienna, the rest in small towns in the countryside. That is, there is no other Austrian city besides Vienna.
Salzburg is on the tourist map not only as a well-preserved hometown, but also as home to some of the world's most famous artists, musicians and musicians. It is fascinating, with its charming baroque domes and the surrounding alpine wonders, and it offers the most accessible taste of Austria you will find anywhere. Since the 19th century, there has been a music festival in Salzberg at irregular intervals. In 1917, the first mayor of the city, Richard von Schiller (1843 - 1884), founded the Festival Committee, which organizes an annual Salzburg Festival.
Soon the city of Salzburg began to expand its borders, and during this time many houses and buildings were built. During the Thirty Years "War it became a barracks and in the 18th century a hospital.
Although Salzburg belonged to Austria, it was returned to Austria by Austria after the end of the Thirty Years "War in 1814.
After the annexation by Austria in 1805, it was restored as the capital of Holland - Salzburg - before it fell back to Bavaria and was returned to Austria after 1816. In 1809 the city became part of Austria again, after the end of the Thirty Years War it was again under Bavarian control, and in the 1850s it was restored to its status. After the death of Emperor Franz Joseph II and the collapse of his regime in Austria in 1850, Salzburg was restored to the status of a place.
It was part of the Austrian Empire and then became part of Austria-Hungary in 1886, then in 1890 the Austro-Hungarian Empire was dissolved and it became a city in the First Austrian Republic, which was then replaced by the new German Austria in 1919. After the end of the Second World War and the collapse of Germany in 1945, Salzburg once again became part of the new "German Austria." The latter was to last until Austria and Salzburg were annexed to the Third Reich in 1938.
In 1803, during the Napoleonic War, the Prince Archbishops lost their secular powers and Salzburg became part of another province until it finally found its way into the Austrian Empire. In 1816, it regained its secular rights under Emperor Franz Joseph I and became part of Austria.
Celtic peoples inhabited Austria before it came under Roman rule in the first century BC. Celtic peoples began a long period of urban stagnation, the Roman Empire and its allies began to invade Austria.